Jack Roosevelt Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972), the first African American Major League Baseball (MLB) player, broke the color barrier in 1947.
His impact on and off the field inspired the civil rights movement. In 1997, MLB retired his No. 42 jersey across all teams – the first athlete in any sport to receive this honor. They also established “Jackie Robinson Day,” observed annually on April 15, where all players wear No. 42 to commemorate his legacy.
He was a trailblazer, winning prestigious awards and contributing to the Dodgers’ World Series victory. His legacy continues to be celebrated for breaking racial barriers in sports and society.
photo provided by Irma Sherwood Moran
Narrated by Irma Sherwood Moran
Video by African American Museum of Southern Arizona
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